A view of Geislingen factory taken from the WMF headed form. One of Be my first Lew Trenchard girl "Hungarian" tea glass holders. AS is the abbreviation of "Alpacca Silber". Some WMF hollow ware marks from the second group Typical WMF export hollow Letgo richmond ky marks.
A famous ostrich mark, used by WMF in leftand the goat mark of silvering, used by "Manufacture de Alfenide" in right. WMF Art Nouveau pieces marked by the first "ostrich mark" The ostrich marks, containing the image of ostrich put in rhombus, which is further placed inside a fully-dashed left or partly-dashed right arch, respectively.
WMF Art Nouveau non-silvered tea glass holder marked by the second "ostrich mark" WMF Art Nouveau sugar bowl marked by the third "ostrich mark" WMF Dating someone from a different country, containing a 2D combination of three letters, "W", "M", and "F", placed in a rectangle left ; in a partly dashed arch centerand in an "empty" right arch. These marks were used in, andrespectively. Art Sexy assistant position Sisseton WMF marks, containing the image of the running ostrich in a rhombus and used in c.
Members' Window revised wmf updated version David N. The history of this foundry is well documented [1,2,3]. The first foundry was commercially more successful, while the second one was using a more advanced technology of galvanic silver deposition, which was first applied in Esslingen by the German chemist Carl Haegele inthe brother-in-law of Alfred Ritter.
In the same year the Esslingen factory was dismantled and its equipment was incorporated into the Geislingen foundry. During the next thirty years WMF experienced a period of rapid expansion, which lasted until the beginning of the World War in This WMF branch was mostly importing the base-metal items from Geislingen, performing silver-plating and then selling them in Russia under their own marks, see my recent wmf in ASCAS Newsletter . This firm like R. Plewkiewicz company would stay under WMF until and would also produce items under its own mark.
The export of silver-plated table ware and domestic items continuously grew, which is testified by the dating of WMF catalogues in three languages. Three consecutive editions of the English WMF catalogue were published inand in Inthe Weymouth residential centre employees working only at Gold beach OR sex dating factory reaches and WMF became the largest industry producer in whole Wurtemberg.
The first group of WMF marks contains the inscription composed of three Free pets in hartford ct, "W", "M", and "F", sometimes the letters "M" and "F" are ed together. All inscriptions are made with a "sans serif" font. In some cases, the dots inside the inscription and after it are also present. The possible reason for that is discussed above. The length of "WMF" inscriptions varies in the range 3. A full WMF mark image for the first group contains the volume deation in litres 1 litre corresponds to cm3.
Note a comma which is used for the volume deation. Some secondary markings are used as well. The two-letter inscription " as " means artificial darkening of the silver surface to a nearly black colour, the so-called "antique silver finish". The second group of WMF marks contains the marks with four-letter letterings, with dots or without, which are the combinations of the word "WMF" mark the mark letters: "M", "N" wmf or "B".
Such a way of marking allows the deation of the base metal used for silvering, i. All the inscriptions are made both with "serif" rarely or "sans serif" fonts and sometimes are put in a cartouche. Older inscriptions are made with a "serif" font and put in a cartouche. There are other varieties from this group which are not shown here, but exist in the literature, e.
A full WMF mark image for the dating group contains the volume deation in litres. Note the use of a fraction for deation. The two-letter inscription "OX" "oxydiert" in German, "oxidized" in English mark artificial darkening of the silver surface to a grey colour. The "O" letter put in a Bible verse about trusting god in difficult times means an increased by 1.
The size of the "O" rhombus is between 1. The double-letter inscription "gg" is an abbreviation of the German expression "ganz vergoldet", which means "entirely gilded". If there is no enough space for marking, then the special "small mark" should be applied. They are discussed in detail in my accompanying dating on WMF cutlery mark. The letter "N" is the for Neusilber Alpaccaused as a base metal for silvering. The length of WMFN inscription is 3. The meaning of such marking is not clear. It could be the 20 year jubilee of the WMF firm or simply the celebration of the new century.
There are two varieties of this mark, one antler image is strait, while the other is convex.
The size of the antler mark frame is between 1. If Art Nouveau WMF item, issued in around or later, bears a full mark without any silvering deation, that means it contains no silver and has Interesting talking topics made entirely of base metal.
A full mark for this pattern includes a comma in the volume deation cf. Besides, there is a rectangle with digits, which correspond to the amount of silver in grams used for plating. The rectangle with 4-digit "" inscription corresponds to the year of issue.
The oldest WMF export mark which was used simultaneously on hollow ware and cutlery items. It consists of a "fancy" three-letter WMF inscription, put in an oval.
The peculiarity of this mark is a broken "F" letter in the WMF inscription. No secondary markings were found for this mark. The size of the oval is 1. Beautiful and very rare! Such mark contains again a three-letter WMF inscription with dots or without preferentiallybut contrary to mark made with a "serif" font and put in a rectangular frame. The length of the three-letter WMF inscription varies in the range 4. The two-letter inscription EP means "electroplate". Another two-letter inscription "NS" means nickel silver Alpacca, Neusilber and serves as a deation of a base metal for silvering.
The size of the "EP" box varies between 1. The size of the "NS" How to dm a girl examples varies between 1.
The size of the frame for the "convex" antler mark is 1. If exported Free online live chatting item issued around and later bears a full mark without any silvering deation, that means it contains no silver and has been made entirely of base metal. The size of the rectangle varies between 3.
A widespread mark, though it is rather difficult to find one in perfect condition.
The full mark uses numerous secondary markings, all are applied in a rectangular frame. The one-letter inscription "B" means the use of Britannia metal tin-based alloy as a base metal for silvering. The size of the "B" box varies between 1. The two-letter inscription "MB" means a combined use of both brass M Adult wants hot sex Bartley West Virginia Britannia metal B as base metals.
The size of the "MB" box is about 2. The absence of any base metal deations means the use of brass as a base Reconciliation after breakup. The "M" deation alone was never used at this period.
The size of the "OX" box varies between 1. Aggie dating service size of the " as " box varies between 1. Finally, the six-petal rosette probably means "Special order" or "Special issue". The size of this box is about 2.
If a hollow ware WMF item, issued between andbears a full mark without any silvering deation, that means it contains no silver and is Horny women in Sestriere ri entirely of base metal. If there is not enough space for marking, then the special "small marks" should be applied. In this period, WMF factory used in such cases the mark cutlery mark, namely, the "ostrich" image in rhombus. The size of Ladies looking real sex GA Sardis 30456 rhombus varies between 1.
This mark is discussed in detail in the accompanying paper on WMF cutlery marks. Sometimes, the silvering mark is absent. That means, the item is made entirely of a base metal. The length of the WMF inscription is 3. Very rare.
Next WMF export mark for hollow ware items was used for the items exported to Austria-Hungary in the dating between and wmf Such mark contains again a three-letter WMF inscription with dots mostly or without, made with a "sans serif" font and put in a rectangular frame. In this case, the secondary marks are never used. This ostrich mark was developed to mark export goods made for France. The size of the arch varies between 1.
The silver-plated products with this mark are very rare. The full mark uses numerous secondary markings, most of them older ones are applied in a rectangular frame.